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 英语~~第三部分 阅读理解

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帖子主题: 英语~~第三部分 阅读理解   二月 21st 2008, 20:15

第三部分 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
Monkeys are very similar to us in many ways. Most have ten fingers and ten toes, and brains much like ours. In fact, Charles Darwin's theory of evolution says that monkeys and humans share a common ancestor. We enjoy watching them because they often act like us, and we also love to use many expressions about monkeys in almost every language. This is why many monkey expressions are about tricky people or playful acts.
Monkeyshine is one of these expressions to show tricks or foolish acts. The meaning is clear if you have ever watched a group of monkeys playfully chasing each other: pulling tails, stealing food, doing tricks.
Monkeying around with something means that you do not know what you are doing. When you feel like doing something but have no firm idea of what to do, you are monkeying around. It is just a way to pass the time.
Monkey business usually means secret, maybe illegal activities. You may come across a news report that there is monkey business involved in building the new airport, with some officials getting secret payments from builders.
Monkey suits are common names for clothes or uniforms soldiers wear. In earlier years in many American cities, you would find men playing musical hand organs on the street. Dancing to the music would be the man's small monkey that was dressed in a tight -fitting, colorful jacket similar to a military uniform. So, people began to call a military uniform a monkey suit.
56. Which of the following is NOT true about the similarities between humans and monkeys?
A. Most monkeys have ten fingers and ten toes.
B. Monkeys have the same brains as humans.
C. Monkeys often act like humans in many ways.
D. Monkeys are humans closest relatives in species.
57. According to the passage, an idle wander on the street can be described as ______.
A. monkeyshine B. monkeying around C. monkey suit D. monkey business
58. Monkey suits are commonly used to call military uniforms because they______.
A. are created particularly for soldiers' uniforms
B. are originally designed for American soldiers
C. share typical features with military uniforms
D. make American soldiers look like monkeys
59. Most monkey expressions are ______.
A. used only in western cultures. B. used on some formal occasions. C. about tricks and naughtiness. D. about terrible funny behaviors.
B
Can you do the math: What is one hundred times four, divided by the square root of a hundred? How can you work it out quickly?


The answer is forty. Years ago, three scientists at Texas Instruments, Jerry Merryman, James Van Tassel and Jack Kilby, invented the handheld electronic calculator. Their first device could add, subtract, multiply and divide and it was small and easy to take.
Yet after forty years, calculators in the classroom still add up to the same old debate. Generally calculators are considered to be useful —— especially with more complex math. Some math teachers at every level support the use of calculators and students are even permitted to use them when they take college entrance tests. But it is also thought that young students should know basic calculation before they begin using them.
Some education experts think calculators are used too much. Children, they say, learn to depend on these electronic brains instead of their own. Calculators may not only give students answers to questions they do not really understand, they may also keep them from discovering ideas for themselves. Other experts, though, say calculators have helped make mathematics more understandable to more students. They say calculators give students more time to understand and solve problems, and to develop a better sense of what numbers mean. That way, the reasoning goes, they can feel better about their abilities.
60. Which of the following calculation agrees with the question raised in the 1st paragraph?

61. Three scientists at Texas Instruments invented______.
A. the first electronic calculator B. the calculator handle
C. the portable electronic calculator D. the first calculator
62. We can infer from the passage that ______ in the past.
A. math teachers supported using calculators everywhere.
B. students were not allowed to use calculators in tests.
C. using calculators in classrooms was under argument.
D. young students had to know how to use calculators.
63. According to experts, calculators benefit students in many ways EXCEPT______.
A. providing them with answers to the questions
B. stopping them discovering ideas for themselves
C. *** mathematics more understandable
D. developing a better feeling of their abilities
C
China launched its first lunar probe ( 探测器) on Wednesday, Oct. 24, moving a step closer to fulfilling its ambitions of one day reaching the moon.
The Chang'e - I satellite, named after a Chinese goddess who flew to the moon, lifted off at 6:05 p. m. Officials and tourists watched the launching at a site in Sichuan Province, while state television broadcasted live to the rest of the nation.
The probe is expected to circle around the moon for the next year, providing satellite images and other information. China prepares to launch a space vehicle to the moon by 2012 and then
send an astronaut by 2020. Within an hour after its lift - off, the probe's solar panels (电池板) had been opened, and space officials declared the launching a success.
In recent years, China's space program has attracted international attention for its ambitions and fast - rising technological ability. In 2003 , China became one of the only three nations after the United States and the former Soviet Union to send a man into space. However, the United States and other nations reacted violently with alarm when China successfully destroyed one of its own aging weather satellites out of use in a military test.
China is not the only space power in Asia. Last month, Japan launched its own lunar probe, and India plans its own lunar probe next year. Technological development is a motivator for all three countries, but so are nationalistic pride and regional competition.
"As lunar exploration shows our overall (综合的) national strength, it is very significant for raising our international status and our national unity," said Ouyang Ziyuan, a top scientist with China's space program.
64. The Chang'e - I satellite ______.
A. is the first lunar probe to circle around the moon
B. is the first satellite sent from Sichuan Province
C. has fulfilled China's ambitions of landing on the moon
D. has made it possible to launch a moon vehicle by 2012
65. Which of the following can be the first evidence for the successful launch of the probe?
A. The opening of the solar panels. B. The circling around the moon.
C. The lilting off from the earth. D. The sending - back of the information.
66. The United States and other nations felt greatly worried when ______.
A. China showed its ability to destroy satellites in space
B. China was the third nation to send a man into space
C. China showed its ambitions and technological ability
D. China was not the only emerging space power in Asia
67. China has presented ________ from the successful launch of Chang'e I.
A. national military strength B. Hi - tech development
C. international status D. overall national power
D

Of all the websites, one that has attracted attention recently is myspace. com. Most of this attention has come from the media and tells every reason why the website should be shut down. The threat of internet predators (窃掠者) is indeed a tough reality, but shutting down the site is not the answer. If myspace. com were shut down, another site would quickly take its place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them about who may be predators and how to avoid them.
The key to staying safe on the Internet is to make sure that your profile ( 个人资料) is secure. The simplest way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to "private" , which protects your information so that only the people on your friend list can view it. Although this is effective, it is not perfect. Predators can find ways to view your profile if they really want to, whether through hacking in or figuring out their way onto your friend list. Thus, you should never post too much personal information. Some people actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and other personal info, often letting predators know exactly where they will be and when. The most information that is safe is your first name and province. Anything more is basically inviting a predator into your life.
Another big issue is photos. I suggest completely skipping photos and never posting a photo of a friend online without asking permission.
Most importantly, never, under any circumstances, agree to a real - life meeting with anyone you meet online. No matter how well you think you know this person, there are no guarantees that they have told the truth. But you could feel free to chat with people you meet on the site, but just remember that not everyone is who they say they are. Hopefully, the next time you edit your profile, you'll be more informed about the dangers of internet predators and take the steps to defend yourself.
68. Kids can avoid web predators successfully by ______.
A. attracting more public attention B. shutting down the website "myspace.com"
C. showing the kids ways to try other sites D. recognizing and getting away from them.
69. The safest basic personal information that you can share online is ______.
A. your home address and birthday B. school address and your first name
C. your first name and province D. your province and cell phone number
70. We can learn from the passage that ______.
A. not everybody you meet on line is honest and reliable
B. it is not acceptable to post a photo of a friend on line
C. it is not safe by chatting with grown - ups on the website D. only you and your friends can view your personal profile
71. What could be the best title of this passage?
A. Web Safety for teens B. Personal Safety
C. Web Hackers in the past D. Predators' Tricks

E
Conversation begins almost the moment we come into contact with another and continues throughout the day with the aid of cell phones and computers. .However, we are so often absorbed in conversation that we lose sight of its true purpose and value.
One important aspect of a good conversation is the words used to express thoughts and feelings. We are full of deep thoughts and strong emotions, yet our vocabularies are not enough for this expression, and many make little effort to expand that. Perhaps you see a movie that touches you deeply, yet you have the following conversation: "So, what did you think of the film?" "Oh, my God, it was so sad. I swear, I went through using up a box of tissues. I was in tears. “This dialogue is hardly an effective way of expressing feelings. It gives no sign of how or why the movie truly affected you. Such commonly - used phrases are certainly not enough to describe a deeply moving experience. However, not only must you try to avoid overused words, you must also be careful in your selection. The purpose of expanding vocabulary is not to use the largest or most impressive words, but to find those best suited.
What is lacking in many conversations is the ability to talk to another rather than just talking with that person. A thoughtful person will find that even in the most ordinary of conversations, there are a thousand questions waiting to be asked if you have courage and a desire for change, in order to seek out the person behind the mask. Good conversations should not be made up of nonsense, but of a meeting of two sharing the human condition. It should bring a purer understanding of others and offer a release of emotions more than drive away unpleasant thoughts or kill time. If we want, we can reach beyond the superficiality (肤浅) of talking into the vast kingdom of wisdom,
72. The author used a movie as an example to show that ______.
A. overused words can't fully express feelings of a speaker
B. how and why a moving movie can deeply affect a speaker
C. only expanding vocabulary can describe moving experiences
D. the largest or most impressive words should be used by speakers
73. "Seek out the person behind the mask" in the last paragraph means ______.
A. remove the mask of others B. distrust the others' appearance
C. feel doubtful about the others D. get the hidden truth beyond words
74. According to the author, a good conversation is ______.
A. a way to free the unpleasant or pass time B. a desire to raise more questions
C. an exchange of emotions and experience D. a route to the kingdom of wisdom
75. The best tide of the passage could be _____.
A. Vocabulary in Conversations B. Art of Conversations ,
C. Ability in Conversations D. Importance of Conversations
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